The Great Pyramids of Giza, Egypt Photo Tourist Attractions and Travel

The Great Pyramids of Giza
"From atop these pyramids, forty centuries look down upon you."
-- Napoleon Bonaparte to his soldiers before the Battle of Giza, 1798 --

 Egypt Tourist Attractions

Though the three Great Pyramids are the most famous and prominent monuments at Giza, the site has actually been a necropolis almost since the beginning of the pharaonic era. But it was the Fourth Dynasty Pharaoh Khufu (Cheops -- 2589 - 2566 BC) who placed Giza forever at the heart of Egyptian (and global) wonders. His pyramid is the largest of all the pyramids in the world. To the southwest is the pyramid of his son Khephren (Chephren or Khafre). Although it is smaller, a steeper angle results in the illusion that they are nearly same size. As the Khephren pyramid occupies the central point, it is frequently misreferred to as the Great Pyramid. Also, unlike the other Giza Pyramids, it still has some smooth intact casing stone at its apex. Still further southwest is the smallest of the three, the pyramid of Khephren's son Menkaure. It is also the most unusual, because it is not entirely limestone like the others. The uppermost portions are brick. All three pyramids stand empty and were probably plundered by thieves and/or political dissidents. However, large funerary barges have been excavated nearby. Auckland

 The Great Pyramids of Giza travel

Giza can be subdivided into two groupings of monuments, clearly defined and separated by a wadi. The larger grouping consists of the three "Great" pyramids of Khufu, Khephren, and Menkaure; the Sphinx, the pyramids of the queens, attendant temples and outbuildings, and the private mastabas of the nobility. The second grouping, located on the ridge to the southeast, contains a number of private tombs of citizens of various classes. While the majority of the monuments of the larger grouping are made from limestone that was quarried and transported to the site, the tombs of the smaller grouping are simply carved out of the native living rock.

 

The great pyramids of Egypt lie on the Giza Plateau about 9 miles west of Cairo

The great pyramids of Egypt lie on the Giza Plateau about 9 miles west of Cairo.  The road can be seen here between the Khephren Pyramid on the left and  Menkaure on the right

 

The Egyptian Pyramids of Giza

The Egyptian Pyramids of Giza


Nine miles west of Cairo near Giza are the three largest pyramids in the world -- Menkaure, Khephren and Cheops or Khufu, (from left to right).  They are all named after the respective pharaohs who ruled in Egypt's 4th dynasty.

The Great Pyramids of Giza attractions

Khufu (aka: Cheops)  is the oldest and largest and was erected about 2690 B.C. Its original hieght was 481 feet and its base covered 13 acres. Kheopheren, Khufu's son, built the second and slightly smaller of the large pyramids about 2650 B.C. The third built is the smallest of the three and was erected in about 2600 B.C. for Pharaoh Menkaru. Smaller pyramids can be seen in the left foreground.

 

The three Great Pyramids of Giza -- Menkaure, Khephren and Cheops (Khufu)

The three Great Pyramids of Giza -- Menkaure, Khephren and Cheops (Khufu)  

 

Kheophren (Cheophren ) and Menkaru (Mycerinus).

A camel is a popular way to tour the pyramids (9 miles west of Cairo) of Khufu (Cheops), Kheophren (Cheophren ) and Menkaru (Mycerinus). Khufu (Cheops)  is theoldest and largest and was erected about 2690 B.C. Its original hieght was 481 feet and its base  covered 13 acres. Kheopheren, Khufu's son, built the second and slightly smaller of the  large pyramids about 2650 B.C. The third built is the smallest of the three and waserected in about 2600 B.C. for Pharoah Menkaru.

 

A camel gazes across the sands at the Pyramids of Giza -- Menkaure, Khephren and Cheops (Khufu).  There aere also three smaller pyramids in the foreground.

A camel gazes across the sands at the Pyramids of Giza -- Menkaure, Khephren and Cheops (Khufu).  There aere also three smaller pyramids in the foreground.

 

Camel rest stop near the pyramids.  The town of Giza can be seen to the far right.

Camel rest stop near the pyramids.  The town of Giza can be seen to the far right.

 

Menkaure, Khephren and Cheops or Khufu

Nine miles west of Cairo in Giza are the three largest pyramids in the world -- Menkaure, Khephren and Cheops or Khufu, (from left to right).  They are all named after the respective pharaohs who ruled in Egypt's 4th dynasty.

The Great Pyramids of Giza tourism

Khufu (aka: Cheops)  is the oldest and largest and was erected about 2690 B.C. Its original hieght was 481 feet and its base covered 13 acres. Kheopheren, Khufu's son, built the second and slightly smaller of the large pyramids about 2650 B.C. The third built is the smallest of the three and was erected in about 2600 B.C. for Pharaoh Menkaru. Smaller pyramids can be seen in the left foreground.

 

Menkaure, Khephren and Cheops (Khufu) are pictured here

The three largest pyramids in the world -- Menkaure, Khephren and Cheops (Khufu) are pictured here.  There is also a smaller pyramid in front of Menkaure. They are all named after the respective pharaohs who ruled in Egypt's 4th dynasty.

 

 large Pyramids of Menkaure and Khephren and two much smaller foreground pyramids

Closer view of two of the large Pyramids of Menkaure and Khephren and two much smaller foreground pyramids. The one on the left is of the older step-pyramid design.

 

Khufu (aka: Cheops)  is the oldest and largest of the pyramids

Khufu (aka: Cheops)  is the oldest and largest of the pyramids and was erected about 2690 B.C. 
Its original hieght was 481 feet and its base covers 13 acres.

 

The Khephren Pyramid dominates the land

The Khephren Pyramid dominates the land

 

The Great Sphinx and Khephren Pyramid near Giza, Egypt

The Great Sphinx and Khephren Pyramid near Giza, Egypt

 

Stone facing on the Khephren Pyramid

Stone facing on the Khephren Pyramid

 

Three camels approach the large Khufu (Cheops) Pyramid.

Three camels approach the large Khufu (Cheops) Pyramid. The  building in front of the pyramid houses the ancient boat that the pharoah was to use in the after life.

 

Approaching the Great Pyramid of Khufu (Cheops).          

Approaching the Great Pyramid of Khufu (Cheops).

 

This entrance to the Great Pyramid of Khufu (Cheops)

This entrance to the Great Pyramid of Khufu (Cheops) led me to the pharaoh's simple funerary chamber. This is the oldest and largest of the pyramids.  It was built around 2690 B.C. and is the largest stone structure in the world consisting of 2.5 million tons of stone. There are about one million stones with an average weight of 2.5 tons each. Napoleon said that its cubic content
was enough to build a wall ten feet high and a foot thick entirely around France !

 

The pyramids are illuminated for a night time show of music and light.

The pyramids are illuminated for a night time show of music and light.

Inaugurated in 1961
The show begins with the story of The Sphinx who has been the vigilant guardian of the city of the dead for five thousand years. The show depicts the story of building the pyramids of Cheops, Kephren , Mykerinos and relates the history of great and famous figures of ancient Egypt such as Thutmosis IV , Akhnaten , Nefertiti and TutankhamonAmon.

 

Playing soccer on the streets of Giza at the foot of the great Pyramids.

Playing soccer on the streets of Giza at the foot of the great Pyramids.  On the right is the Great (largest) Pyramid of Cheops. Just to its right is the museum containing the oldest boat in the
world -- the royal barge of Pharoah Khufu (Cheops). The smaller pyramid at the upper center
is Khephren's.

 

A busy street in Giza, Egypt

A busy street in Giza, Egypt

 

The Saqqara Step Pyramid in the ancient egyptian capital of Memphis

 

The Saqqara Step Pyramid in the ancient egyptian capital of Memphis, lies 20 miles
southwest of Cairo. This is the oldest of the royal pyramids. It was built for King Djoser (Zoser: 2667 - 2648 BC), the second of the Third Dynasty pharaohs in the 27th-century B.C. by the architect Imhotep. The original structure was an under-ground burial chamber. This chamber was rare in that it was square; most mastabas were rectangular. The Egypt Tourist Attractions royal tomb is 28m underground with a vertical shaft leading to it. The entrance was sealed with a 3 ton piece of granite. The chamber walls have inscriptions that show beyond any doubt that this
is indeed a burial chamber. It also contains offering rooms and most of the other features
that were often found in both earlier and later tombs. The pyramid is composed of six receding layers on top of each other.  A man can be seen standing to the right of center
of its base.       

 



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