Spring and Autumn period, Warring States period, Dong Zhou Dynasty(Eastern Zhou

In 771 BC, China was invaded by skillful fighters from the northwest. The Chou emperors retreated and made a new capital at Luoyang, further east. So this period is called the Eastern Chou.

 

The first three hundred years of the Eastern Chou period is called the Spring and Autumn period because it was a good time for China. Iron began to be used for tools in China at this time.

 

But iron also made good weapons, and the 200 little states began to fight each other all the time. The period from 481 to 221 BC is called the Warring States period. By about 300 BC, there were only seven big states left. By 256 BC, the Chou emperors lost power, and the only rulers of China were the kings of the seven states. These kings fought among themselves until the king of Ch'in, the strongest state, succeeded in making himself emperor and established the Ch'in Dynasty.

Spring and Autumn period, Warring States period, Dong Zhou Dynasty(Eastern Zhou Dynasty)

Dynasties

Kings / Kingdoms

Events In China

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Dong Zhou Dynasty :

Historical Sites
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Chun Qiu (770 475 B.C.)

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Zhan Guo (475 221 B.C.)

Qin, Chu, Yan, Qi, Wei, Zhao, Han

Artifacts

Zhou Ping Wang

(770-719 B.C.)

Dukes became powerful and established their own kingdoms (770 B.C.). To escape from the invasion of Quan Rong, Zhou Ping Wang moved east to Leyi (770 B.C.). Duke of Qin defeated Quan Rong at Qi (753 B.C.). The Kingdom of Guo was awarded to Zheng Wu, but due to objections from various Dukes, another kingdom was awarded instead. Because of this, the old Guo kingdom was re-established. The record of 'Chun Qiu' stared in 722 B.C.

The rise of the Roman Empire (753 B.C.)

Rise of the Assyrians (745 B.C.)

Assyrians conquered Israel (722 B.C.)

Establishment of the first Japanese Kingdom (660 B.C.)

Assyrians fell (606 B.C.)

In China, This is the age of philosophers with scholars like Lao Zi (604 B.C.) and Kong Fu Zi (511 479 B.C.)

Babylonians conquered Israel (586 B.C.), conquered Egypt (571 B.C.)

Bantu people spreading in East Africa (563 B.C.)

Persia defeated Babylonians (539 B.C.)

Wars between Persia and Greece (492-480 B.C.), Persia defeated in 479 B.C.

Zhou Huan Wang

(719 696 B.C.)

 

Zhou Zhuang Wang

(696 683 B.C.)

Duke of Qi, made Guan Zhong (?-645 B.C.)his prime minister (685 B.C.)

Zhou Xi Wang

(683 676 B.C.)

Qi Huan Gong (Xiao Bei, ?-643 B.C.) rose to power (679 B.C.)

Zhou Hui Wang

(676 651 B.C.)

Jin eliminated Wei and Huo kingdoms (661 B.C.). Jin Xian Gong (?-651 B.C.) killed Prince Shen Sheng, and Gong Zi Zhong Er (?-628 B.C.) escaped to Di (655 B.C.). Jin eliminated Guo and Yu Kingdoms (655 B.C.)

Zhou Xian Wang

(651 618 B.C.)

Duke of Qi held meeting at Kui Qiu (651 B.C.). Gong Zi Zhong Er became Duke of Jin (Jin Wen Gong, ?-628 B.C.) in 636 B.C. Jin lead the rest of the kingdoms and defeated Chu in the Battle of Cheng Pu (632 B.C.) and became a power. Chu eliminated the Jiang Kingdom (623 B.C.)

Zhou Qing Wang

(618 612 B.C.)

 

Zhou Kuang Wang

(612 606 B.C.)

 

Zhou Ding Wang

(606 585 B.C.)

Chu Zhuang Wang attacked Lu Hun, saluted the army at Zhous territory.

Zhou Jian Wang

(585 571 B.C.)

 

Zhou Ling Wang

(571 544 B.C.)

Sun Linfu and Ning Zhi abolished Wei Xian Gong and established Shang Gong as king (559 B.C.). The Qi Kingdom eliminated Lai Yi (557 B.C.). Birth of Kong Fu Zi (Confucius, 551-479 B.C.). Ning Zhi's son Ning Shi reestablisged Xiang Gong, and was critized as someone who couldn't make up his mind (Ju Qi Bu Ding).

Zhou Jing Wang

(544 519 B.C.)

Prime Minister of Zheng Kingdom, Zi Chan, was the first to engrave writing on Dings (three legged heavy pots used for cooking).

Zhou Jing Wang

(519 476 B.C.)

He Lu became the Duke of Wu (known as Wu Wang He Lu, 515 B.C.). Sun Wu (or better known as Sun Tzu or Sun Zi, 535 B.C.-?), began to follow He Lu and helped him to eliminate the Xu kingdom (512 B.C.). Born of Zhen Zi (505 - 436 B.C.). Qi Yanzi died (505 B.C.). Wu Wang Fu Cha (?-483 B.C.) defeated Yue Wang Gou Jian at Hui Ji (494 B.C.). Birth of Zi Si (483-402 B.C.), the author of 'Zhong Yong'. Death of Yan Hui (514-483 B.C.). Kong Zi (Confucius) stopped the recording of Chun Qiu (481 B.C.), two years before his death. Birth of Mo Zi (Mo Zhai, 480-390 B.C.). Zi Lu (Zhong You) was killed in 480 B.C.

Zhou Yuan Wang

(476 468 B.C.)

Gou Jian of Yue kingdom surrounded the Wu kingdom (475 B.C.), and Wu was eliminated, leading to the suicide of Wus king, Fu Cha. Fan Li joined Yue (473 B.C.).

Zhou Zhen Ding Wang

(468 441 B.C.)

Qin kingdom attacked Xirong and Dali (461 B.C.). Chu Kingdon brought an end to Cai (447 B.C.) and Ji (445 B.C.)

Zhou Ai Wang

(441 441 B.C.)

 

Zhou Si Wang

(441 440 B.C.)

 

Zhou Kao Wang

(440 425 B.C.)

Chu kingdom eliminated Lu (431 B.C.)

Zhou Wei Li Wang

(425 401 B.C.)

In the 23rd year of Zhou Wei Li Wangs reign, with the splitting of Jin by Wei, Zhao and Han to the conquer of the six kingdoms by Qin was known as Zhan Guo. Began recording of 'Zi Zhi Tong Jian (403 B.C.).

Alexander became king (334 B.C.)

Fall of the Persian empire (330 B.C.)

Buddhism first spread to China (305 B.C.)

Zhou An Wang

(401 375 B.C.)

Jins judges, Wei Si, Zhao Ji, and Han Qian were made dukes (403 B.C.) and divided Jins kingdom (376 B.C.). King of Chu made Wu Qi the prime minister (384 B.C.). Birth of Hui Shi (380-? B.C.).

Zhou Lie Wang

(375 368 B.C.)

Birth of Meng Zi (Mencius, 372-289 B.C.). Birth of Zhuang Zi (Chuang Tzu, 369-286 B.C.).

Zhou Xian Wang

(368 320 B.C.)

Duke of Qin made Xianyang his capital, instated agriculture tax (350 B.C.). Su Qin persuaded six kingdoms to fight the Qin kingdom (334 B.C.). Qin defeated Wei (333 B.C.). Shang Yang (?-338 B.C.) served the Qin Kingdom (361 B.C.). Zhang Yi (?-309 B.C.) served the Qin Kingdom (329 B.C.).

Zhou Shen Ling Wang

(320 314 B.C.)

Chu, Zhao, Han, Wei and Yan failed in their attack on Qin. Duke of Qi executed Su Qin, and made Zhang Yi his prime minister (317 B.C.). Qin eliminated the Shu Kingdom (316 B.C.).

Zhou Bao Wang

(314 255 B.C.)

Qi Xuan Gong eliminated the Yan kingdom (314 B.C.). Chu kingdom failed in its attack of Qin kingdom. Zhao Wang became duke of Yan (312 B.C.). Birth of Xun Zi (Hsun Tzu, 300-230 B.C.). Meng Changjun served the Qin Kingdom (299 B.C.). Xin Lingjun rescued the Zhao Kingdom and defeated Qin. Qu Yuan (343-289 B.C.)committed suicide by jumping into the Mi Lou River. The Autumn Festival was established to commemorate Qu Yuan. Tian Dan re-established the Qi Kingdom (279 B.C.). Qin Beiqi defeated the Zhao Kingdom in the Battle of Chang Ping (260 B.C.)

Zhou Hui Wang

(255 221 B.C.)

Zhuang Xiang Wang became the king of the Qin (249 B.C.). The Chu kingdom brought an end to Lu (249 B.C.). Shi Emperor (259-210 B.C.) became king of Qin (246 B.C.). Chun Shenjun of the Chu kingdom died (238 B.C.). Lu Buwei and Han Fei committed suicide in 235 and 233 B.C. Jing Ke (?-227 B.C.) failed to assissinate Shi Emperor (227 B.C.). Fan Ju executed (225 B.C.). Qin eliminated Han (230 B.C.), Zhao (228 B.C.), Wei (225 B.C.), Chu (223 B.C.), Yan (222 B.C.), and Qi (221 B.C.), unified China and brought an end to the Dong Zhou Dynasty (221 B.C.).



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