Bulgaria Tourist Attractions and Travel

Bulgaria, situated in the eastern Balkans, has spectacular mountains and a Black Sea coastline, as well as a history going back to the 7th century. A predominantly Slavic-speaking, Orthodox country long influenced by Byzantine culture, Bulgaria was part of the Ottoman Empire for 500 years before gaining its independence in the 19th century.

After World War II the country was a satellite of the Soviet Union until 1991, and is now a member country of the EU and NATO.

Bulgaria Tourist Attractions

Its transition to democracy and a market economy after the collapse of communism has not been easy and the country is striving to boost low standards of living.Casablanca
 Rila monastery: National symbol has world heritage status
 
Throughout the early 1990s Bulgaria was wracked by political instability and strikes. The former communists were a powerful influence. Although the end of the decade was more stable, there was little tangible progress with economic reform.

Bulgaria, Black Sea, Ottoman Empire, Orthodox, Soviet Union, National symbol

Bulgaria travel

 

Under Bulgaria's former king, Simeon II, who was prime minister between 2001 and 2005, the country pressed ahead with market reforms designed to meet EU economic targets. It achieved growth, saw unemployment fall from highs of nearly 20% and inflation come under control but incomes and living standards remained low.

Bulgaria, Black Sea, Ottoman Empire, Orthodox, Soviet Union, National symbol

Bulgaria tourism

 

Bulgaria was not among the countries invited to join the EU in 2004. However, it signed an EU accession treaty in April 2005 and joined in January 2007. EU officials set tough entry requirements, reflecting their concerns about corruption and organised crime.

Bulgaria, Black Sea, Ottoman Empire, Orthodox, Soviet Union, National symbol

Bulgaria attractions

 

After a series of reports found that the Bulgarian government had failed to tackle these issues effectively, the EU announced in July 2008 that it was suspending aid worth hundreds of millions of euros.

Bulgaria, Black Sea, Ottoman Empire, Orthodox, Soviet Union, National symbol

Bulgaria travel

 

Another area of friction has been the Kozloduy nuclear power plant, which supplies over a third of Bulgaria's electricity. Amid concerns over the safety of communist-era nuclear facilities, four of Kozloduy's six reactors were shut down as a price for Bulgaria's EU membership, two of them closing just minutes before the country joined the EU.

In a bid to offset the loss of production at Kozloduy and restore its position as a major power exporter in the Balkans, Bulgaria has revived plans for a second nuclear power plant.

Bulgaria, Black Sea, Ottoman Empire, Orthodox, Soviet Union, National symbol

Bulgaria Tourist Attractions

 

Full name: Republic of Bulgaria
Population: 7.6 million (UN, 2007)

Capital: Sofia
Area: 110,994 sq km (42,855 sq miles)

Major language: Bulgarian
Major religion: Christianity

bulgaria flag

Bulgaria flag

 

Life expectancy: 69 years (men), 77 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: 1 lev = 100 stotinki

Main exports: Chemicals and plastics, food and drink, tobacco, machine-building equipment
GNI per capita: US $3,450 (World Bank, 2006)

bulgaria map

Bulgaria map

 

Internet domain: .bg
International dialling code: +359



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