Venice, Italy is a magical place. It is one of the few cities in the world where the sound of cars are never heard. Instead, when it is quiet, one hears the lapping of waves against the city s magnificent Renaissance buildings.
Venice is located in a lagoon in the Adriatic Sea and is built on islands linked by more than 400 bridges. All Venice Travel transportation is by boat or on foot. Venice s most famous vehicles are gondolas, which drift slowly through the city s famed canals as the men steering the boats serenade passengers with arias from Italian operas.
Venice(Italian Venezia), Italy Tourist Attractions
Venice becomes even more enchanting during Carnival. Carnival is an annual celebration before Lent, a 40-day period of fasting that precedes Easter. The dates of Carnival vary each year depending on the date of Ash Wednesday, the first day of Lent.
Venice (Italy) (Italian Venezia), city and seaport in northeastern Italy, in Veneto Region, capital of Venice Province. Venice is situated on more than 100 islands formed by about 150 canals in the lagoon between the mouths of the Po and Piave rivers, at the northern extremity of the Adriatic Sea. Because of its historic role as a naval power and commercial center, the city is known as the "Queen of the Adriatic." A railroad and highway causeway connect Venice with the mainland. Long sand bars, or barrier beaches, on the outer side of the lagoon serve as protection against the sea. The islands on which the city is built are connected by about 400 bridges. The Grand Canal, about 3 km (about 2 mi) long, winds through Venice from northwest to southeast, dividing the city into two nearly equal portions. The Giudecca Canal, about 400 m (about 1310 ft) wide, separates Giudecca Island, on the extreme south, from Venice proper. No motor vehicles are permitted on the narrow, winding lanes and streets that penetrate the old city, and the bridges are for pedestrians only. For centuries the most common method of transportation was by gondola, a flat-bottomed boat propelled by a single oar. Today, the gondolas are used mainly by tourists; motor launches carry almost all the freight and passenger traffic in Venice.
Lord Byron called Venice (Venezia) "a fairy city of the heart." La Serenissima, "The Most Serene," is an improbable cityscape of Venice Attractions stone palaces that seem to float on water, a place where cats nap in Oriental marble windowsills set in colorful plaster walls. Candy-stripe pylons stand sentry outside the tiny stone docks of palazzi whose front steps descend into the gently lapping waters of the canals that lace the city.
Venice, which is considered one of the world's most beautiful cities, was founded by refugees fleeing from barbarian invaders in the 5th century A.D. The refugees chose well. Venetians called their city the Bride of the Adriatic and proudly spoke of being wedded to the sea, for it was the sea that brought them wealth. With its strategic location at the crossroads of east - west trade, Venice grew into a great maritime power.
In Venice, cars are banned -- every form of transportation floats, from water taxis and vaporetti (the public "bus" ferries) to ambulance speedboats and garbage scows. Venice is a place where locals stop at the bacaro (wine bar) to take un ombra (literally "a little bit of shade"; in practice, a glass of wine) and munch on cicchetti (tapaslike snacks) or linger over exquisite restaurant seafood dinners.
It is also a city of great art and grand old masters. Venetian painting enjoyed early masters such as the Bellini clan -- Jacopo from the 1420s, sons Giovanni and Gentile from the 1460s. By the early 1500s Venice had taken the Renaissance torch from Florence and made it its own, lending the movement the new color and lighting schemes of such giants as Giorgione, Tiziano (Titian), Paolo Veronese, and Tintoretto.
The beginning of Turkish invasions in the middle of the 15th century marked the end of Venetian greatness. Thereafter, faced with attacks by foreign invaders and other Italian states, its power faded, and the discovery of a sea route to the Indies around the Venice Tourism Cape of Good Hope by the Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama in 1497-1498 accelerated the decline. In 1508 the Holy Roman Empire, the pope, France, and Spain combined against Venice in the League of Cambrai and divided the Venetian possessions among themselves, and although Venice reacquired its Italian dominions through astute diplomacy in 1516, it never regained its political power.
In 1797 the Venetian Republic was conquered and ended by Napoleon Bonaparte, who turned the territory over to Austria. In 1805 Austria was compelled to yield Venice to the French-controlled kingdom of Italy but regained it in 1814. A year later Venice and Lombardy (Lombardia) were combined to form the Lombardo-Venetia Kingdom. The Venetians, under the Italian statesman Daniele Manin, revolted against Austrian rule in 1848, and a new republic was established. Austria, however, reestablished control a year later. In 1866, after the Seven Weeks' War, Venice became part of the newly established kingdom of Italy.
The Bridge of Sighs in Venice, Italy. It received its name in the 17th century, when it was supposed to have been the route for prisoners on their way to be executed.
The façade of the cathedral of San Marco on the east side of St Mark's Square, Venice, Italy. The square is in the heart of Venice, and a centre for tourists. The campanile (bell-tower) and the Doges' Palace are close by, and the Merceria, the chief shopping street of Venice, joins the square on its north side.
A gondola on one of the small canal streets in Venice, Italy. These small boats are rowed by the gondolier (standing) using a single oar. During the Renaissance period there were an estimated 15,000 gondolas on the canals of Venice; today there are only about 350.
Grand Canal, Venice, Italy. The 'main street' of Venice is lined with Gothic-style palazzi (palaces).
The Rialto bridge over the Grand Canal, Venice, Italy.
Basilica of San Giorgio Maggiore on the island of the same name in Venice, Italy. It was designed by the 16th-century Renaissance artist Andrea Palladio.
St Mark's Square (the Piazza San Marco) is at the centre of Venice. It contains the 11th-century cathedral of St Mark, who is the patron saint of the city. This five-domed Byzantine cathedral is decorated with marble and mosaics, and four Greek bronze horses dating Venice Travel from the 3rd or 4th century. Sculptures of lions, the symbol of St Mark, are to be found in the square and on its buildings.
St Mark's Cathedral, Venice, Italy, seen from St Mark's Square, with the Doge's Palace on the right. This 11th-century cathedral is a classic example of Byzantine architecture.
A winged lion on the Torre dell'Orologio (clock tower), Venice, Italy. The tower was designed by Italian architect Mauro Codussi and built 1496–99. The winged lion represents St Mark, the patron saint of Venice.
These buildings are built in the Venetian Gothic style, but are in fact in Slovenia. Italy's Friuli-Venezia Giulia region is on the western border of Slovenia, and in the southwest part of its coastline lies along the Gulf of Venice. In Venice itself the Santa Maria dei Frari is a good example of Venetian Gothic architecture, having been rebuilt in the Gothic style during the 15th century.
Murano, one of the small islands upon which Venice is built. The islands lie within a lagoon, protected from the Adriatic Sea by a line of sandbanks or lidi. In some weather conditions, the water level of the lagoon will mount higher than the usual tidal rise of 1 m/3.3 ft, and flood the city. This picture clearly shows how close to the water's edge the city is built.
The Grand Canal, Venice, Italy, is lined with boats, both traditional gondolas and motorboats. In the distance, seen from the Cathedral of San Marco, is the church of Santa Maria della Salute, fronted by water-steps and crowned with a great dome.
A carnival is held in Venice, Italy, before Lent, which usually begins in February. Another festival that Venetians enjoy is the annual Feast of the Redeemer, in July, when lighted boats fill the canals throughout the night to commemorate the city's deliverance from the plague in 1575.
A carnival is held in Venice, Italy, in the days before Lent (the 40 days of fasting observed by the Catholic Church before Easter). Fantastic costumes and masks are part of the festivity, which takes its Venice Attractions name from the Latin meaning to 'remove meat', since meat was forbidden during Lent.
The famous skyline of the city of Venice, Italy. Venice is a world-famous tourist destination. Famous attractions include Piazza San Marco (St Mark's Square), the Doge's Palace, and St Mark's Basilica. However, Venice is at risk from rising sea levels, resulting partly from global warming, and floods are increasingly common.
Waterways adjacent to the Doge's Palace and Piazza San Marco (St Mark's Square), Venice, Italy. Venice was built on a series of small Venice Tourism islands, in a low-lying lagoon. The preferred method of transport is by boat: the traditional gondola or the vaporetto (water bus).